The geographic situation of Extremadura made it a crossing place in ancient times, but with the arrival of Roman civilization this region entered history, making Merida one of the ten most important cities of the Roman Empire. In later times, it recovered its disappeared splendour with the discovery of America, because it was the birthplace of some of the most important conquerors of the New World.
Its natural paradises are a showcase for this millenarian region that has maintained its ancient customs and traditions. In the northern part, with its impressive landscape of mountainous ranges, narrow passes and abundant vegetation, people in ancient times had difficulties accessing this zone, a reason why, even today, very old traditions are preserved in zones like Las Hurdes. To the south we find a great natural wealth next to the foothills of the Sierra Morena Mountain range, where hunting abounds. In Extremadura sport lakes and dams also add a good number of kilometers of fresh water coast, a reason why visitors can practice aquatic sports, although they are in an inner region.
The natural Park of Monfragüe is close to the place chosen by the Spanish emperor Carlos I as a starting point to explore the world, the monastery of Yuste. It is a Mediterranean forest reserve where species live in an essentially unique virgin habitat. This natural park in the province of Caceres occupies 18,000 hectares, with 75% of its species protected, among them the Iberian lynx, the imperial eagle and the black stork, who find an appropriate habitat for their reproduction here.